>
网站首页期刊介绍通知公告编 委 会投稿须知电子期刊广告合作联系我们
最新消息:
SD大鼠少突胶质前体细胞的纯化及氧糖剥夺对其活性的影响
作者:莫思思1  朱丽华2  李棒棒1  疏佳萍3  乔立兴1 4 
单位:1. 东南大学 医学院, 江苏 南京 210009;
2. 江苏卫生健康职业学院, 江苏 南京 210029;
3. 皖南医学院第一附属医院/戈矶山医院, 安徽 芜湖 241001;
4. 东南大学 附属中大医院, 江苏 南京 210009
关键词:少突胶质前体细胞 细胞纯化 糖氧剥夺模型 SD大鼠 
分类号:R-33;R364.12;R361.3
出版年·卷·期(页码):2019·38·第四期(572-578)
摘要:

目的:纯化少突胶质前体细胞,并探讨氧糖剥夺不同时间对其活力的影响。方法:取SD乳鼠的脑皮质,采用差速贴壁、振荡分离纯化、限定培养基定向培养法,获取少突胶质前体细胞。镜下观察少突胶质前体细胞分化过程中各阶段细胞的形态变化。采用特异性抗体A2B5、MBP、GFAP、IBA-1标记纯化后少突胶质前体细胞、成熟少突胶质细胞、星形胶质细胞和小胶质细胞所占比例,以此分析纯化后的细胞纯度。体外制备细胞氧糖剥夺(oxygen glucose deprivation,OGD)模型,采用CCK-8法观察其对少突胶质细胞系增殖活性的影响。结果:(1)利用针对少突胶质前体细胞、成熟少突胶质细胞、星形胶质细胞和小胶质细胞的特异性抗体A2B5、MBP、GFAP和IGB-1进行标记,A2B5、MBP染色阳性细胞分别占96.2%、2.1%,GFAP和IBA-1染色阳性细胞小于3%。(2)MTT检测显示,随着OGD干预时间的延长,细胞活力呈降低的趋势。结论:(1)联合应用差速贴壁、恒温振荡分离和条件限定培养基可以获得高纯度的少突胶质前体细胞;(2)干预3 h适宜用于体外少突胶质前体细胞的OGD模型。体外建立的OGD模型可导致少突胶质前体细胞的损伤,使其细胞活性下降。

Objective: To explore the methods of isolation and purification of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) in the brain of newborn Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats, and to explore the effects of different intervention times of oxygen glucose deprivation(OGD) on oligodendrocyte viability. Methods: The high purity oligodendrocyte precursor cells were obtained from the cerebral cortex of SD neonatal rats by differential adhesion, oscillatory separation and purification, and restricted medium directional culture method. The morphological changes of oligodendrocyte precursor cells during differentiation were observed under microscope. The purified oligodendrocyte precursor cells, mature oligodendrocytes, astrocytes and microglia were labeled with specific antibodies A2B5, MBP, GFAP and IBA _1 to analyze the purity of the purified cells. The effect of OGD on the proliferation of oligodendrocyte cell line was observed by CCK-8 assay. Results: Specific antibodies A2B5, MBP, GFAP and IGB-1 were used to label oligodendrocytes, mature oligodendrocytes, astrocytes and microglia. A2B5, MBP positive cells accounted for 96.2%, 2.1%, GFAP and IBA-1 staining positive cells were less than 3%. The results of MTT detection showed that in OGD model, the cell viability decreased with the prolongation of OGD intervention time. Conclusion: (1) High purity oligodendrocyte precursor cells can be obtained by combination of differential adhesion, constant temperature oscillation separation and conditioned medium. (2) The OGD model established in vitro can cause the damage of oligodendrocyte precursor cells and decrease the activity of oligodendrocyte precursor cells. 3 h intervention is suitable for the establishment of OGD model of oligodendrocyte precursor cells in vitro.

参考文献:

[1] LIU X B,SHEN Y,PLANE J M,et al.Vulnerability of premyelinating oligodendrocytes to white-matter damage in neonatal brain injury[J].Neurosci Bull,2013,29(2):229-238.
[2] ELITT C M,ROSENBERG P A.The challenge of understanding cerebral white matter injury in the premature infant[J].Neuroscience,2014,276:216-238.
[3] 吕丽艳,林杉,丁艺,等.抚触疗法对缺氧缺血性脑病患儿心理及神经精神发育的影响分析[J].现代医学,2018,46(11):1293-1296.
[4] JANTZIE L L,TALOS D M,JACKSON M C,et al.Developmental expression of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits in human white and gray matter:potential mechanism of increased vulnerability in the immature brain[J].Cereb Cortex,2015,25(2):482-495.
[5] OHTOMO R,IWATA A,ARAI K.Molecular mechanisms of oligodendrocyte regeneration in white matter-related diseases[J].Int J Mol Sci,2018,19(6):1-16.
[6] VOLPE J J,KINNEY H C,JENSEN F E,et al.The developing oligodendrocyte:key cellular target in brain injury in the premature infant[J].Int J Dev Neurosci,2011,29(4):423-440.
[7] DINCMAN T A,BEARE J E,OHRI S S,et al. Isolation of cortical mouse oligodendrocyte precursor cells[J].J Neurosic Meth,2012,209(1):219-226.
[8] CHEN Y,BALASUBRAMANIYAN V,PENG J,et al.Isolation and culture of rat and mouse oligodendrocyte precursor cells[J].Nat Protoc,2007,2(5):1044-1051.
[9] YANG N,ZUCHERO J B,AHLENIUS H,et al.Generation of oligodendro glial cells by direct lineage conversion[J].Nat Biotechnol,2013,31(5):434-439.
[10] SHER F,RÖSSLER R,BROUWER N,et al.Differentiation of neural stem cells into oligodendrocytes:involvement of the polycomb group protein Ezh2[J].Stem Cells,2010,26(11):2875-2883.
[11] YANG J,CHENG X,SHEN J,et al.A novel approach for amplification and purification of mouse oligodendrocyte progenitor cells[J].Front Cell Neurosci,2016,22(10):203-213.
[12] 田东萍,苏敏,吴贤英,等.硒和B-27添加剂在神经干细胞存活分化中的作用[J].中华预防医学杂志,2005,39(5):324-327.
[13] 胡燕,蒋犁,张敏,等.缺血致新生大鼠脑室周围白质软化和远期神经行为变化[J].东南大学学报(医学版),2009,28(2):136-139.
[14] BARATEIRO A,BRITES D,FERNANDES A.Oligodendrocyte development and myelination in neurodevelopment:molecular mechanisms in health and disease[J].Curr Pharm Des,2016,22(6):656-679.
[15] BIREY F,KOKKOSIS A G,AGUIRRE A.Oligodendroglia-lineage cells in brain plasticity,homeostasis and psychiatric disorders[J].Curr Opin Neurobiol,2017,47:93-103.

服务与反馈:
文章下载】【发表评论】【查看评论】【加入收藏
提示:您还未登录,请登录!点此登录
您是第 180378 位访问者


copyright ©《东南大学学报(医学版)》编辑部
联系电话:025-87232481 83272483
电子邮件:
bjb@pub.seu.edu.cn

苏ICP备09058364