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Btk调控MDR1逆转急性淋巴细胞白血病耐药的研究
作者:马晶晶1  邓媛1  张欣1  陶善东1  凌兰兰1  于亮1 2 
单位:1. 南京医科大学附属淮安第一医院 血液科, 江苏 淮安 223300;
2. 南京医科大学 血液病重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210029
关键词:急性淋巴细胞白血病 依鲁替尼 布鲁顿酪氨酸激酶 MDR1 P-糖蛋白 转录因子κB 多药耐药 
分类号:R733.71;R-33;R453
出版年·卷·期(页码):2019·38·第二期(259-265)
摘要:

目的:通过观察Btk抑制剂依鲁替尼作用于急性淋巴细胞白血病(ALL)细胞株(Sup-B15)后细胞中MDR1 mRNA、P-gp蛋白的表达及细胞对化疗药物敏感性的变化,探讨逆转ALL多药耐药的有效方法。方法:(1)利用依鲁替尼处理Sup-B15,PCR法检测处理后细胞中MDR1 mRNA水平变化;免疫印迹法检测P-gp等蛋白水平变化;(2)利用化疗药物作用于依鲁替尼处理后的Sup-B15,CCK-8法检测细胞增殖。结果:(1)在Sup-B15中,依鲁替尼作用后的MDR1 mRNA表达较对照组降低;细胞中P-gp等蛋白表达量较对照组降低。(2)依鲁替尼处理后的Sup-B15在相同Ara-C、ADR浓度作用下,其细胞增殖率较对照组降低(P<0.05)。结论:(1)依鲁替尼可降低Sup-B15中MDR1 mRNA及P-gp蛋白的表达,其作用机制可能是通过抑制Btk、NFκB表达及生物学活性,从而抑制MDR1及P-gp的表达。(2)依鲁替尼增强ALL细胞对化疗药物的敏感性。

Objective:By targeting Btk in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells, to observe the expression of MDR1 and P-gp and the changes of cellular sensitivity to chemotherapy drugs of ALL cells, to further explore the role of Btk in the regulation of ALL multidrug resistance. Methods:(1) Sup-B15 were treated with ibrutinib, and the mRNA and the protein expression levels of Btk and MDR1 (P-gp) were detected by PCR and Western blot, respectively. (2)Sup-B15 were first treated with ibrutinib, and then with Ara-C or ADR respectively, the cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method. Results:(1) After being treated with ibrutinib, the mRNA and protein expression levels of MDR1 and P-gp were decreased as compared with the control group. (2) When Sup-B15 were treated with ibrutinib and followed by Ara-C or ADR respectively, the cell proliferation rate was lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:(1) Ibrutinib can decrease the expression of MDR1 mRNA and P-gp protein by inhibiting the expression of Btk and NFκB in ALL cells. (2) Ibrutinib can enhance the sensitivity of Sup-B15 cells to Ara-C and ADR.

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