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苏南发达地区农村老年人免费体检依从性调查
作者:赵越1  邵勇2  徐心怡1  王铁英3  黄佳敏1  赵杰炳1  朱敏2  陆荣柱3 
单位:1. 江苏大学医学院 临床医学系, 江苏 镇江 212013;
2. 锦溪人民医院, 江苏 苏州 215324;
3. 江苏大学医学院 预防医学与卫生检验系, 江苏 镇江 212013
关键词:老年人 免费体检 依从性 
分类号:R195
出版年·卷·期(页码):2016·35·第五期(727-730)
摘要:

目的:了解苏南发达地区农村老年人体检依从性及影响因素。方法:采用整群抽样方法,于2014年11月1日至20日对江苏省昆山市锦溪镇65周岁及以上户籍居民进行面访式问卷调查。结果:老年人参检率为94.20%,年龄、居住情况、经济状况、身体状况及体检时间安排与体检依从性显著关联(P<0.05或P<0.01)。多因素Logistic回归分析显示,年龄及身体状况为影响依从性的主要因素。结论:以昆山锦溪为代表的苏南发达地区农村老年人参与体检的依从性比较高。年龄是影响依从性的最重要因素,因而在体检中需要对高龄老人给予特别关注。

Objective:To access the compliance and its influencing factors of the elderly undergoing free physical examination in developed the rural areas of southern Jiangsu. Methods:A questionnaire survey by cluster sampling was conducted to descriptively analyze and investigate the medical compliance and its influencing factors of the elderly people aged 65 years and above in Jinxi town, Kunshan city from 2014 November 1st to 20th. Results:94.20% of the elderly people underwent physical examination on time. Age, living conditions, pension situation, physical conditions and time arrangement were significantly correlated(P<0.05) with their compliance. Conclusion:As the representative of developed rural areas of southern Jiangsu, the compliance of elderly people in Jinxi, Kunshan to participate in physical examination is relatively high. Age is the most important factor to affect compliance of free physical examination, so special attention to the elderly should be paid.

参考文献:

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